Interleaving Planning and Control for Efficient Haptically-guided Reaching in Unknown Environments
Kemp, Charles C.
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We present a new method for reaching in an initially unknown environment with only haptic sensing. In this paper, we propose a haptically-guided interleaving planning and control (HIPC) method with a haptic mapping framework. HIPC runs two planning methods, interleaving a task-space and a joint-space planner, to provide fast reaching performance. It continually replans a valid trajectory, alternating between planners and quickly reflecting collected tactile information from an unknown environment. One key idea is that tactile sensing can be used to directly map an immediate cause of interference when reaching. The mapping framework efficiently assigns raw tactile information from whole-arm tactile sensors into a 3D voxel-based collision map. Our method uses a previously published contact-regulating controller based on model predictive control (MPC). In our evaluation with a physics simulation of a humanoid robot, interleaving was superior at reaching in the 9 types of environments we used.