A Force and Displacement Self-Sensing Piezoelectric MRI-Compatible Tweezer End Effector with an On Site Calibration Procedure
MetadataShow full item record
This paper describes a self-sensing technique for a piezoelectrically driven magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-compatible tweezer style end effector, suitable for robot assisted MRI guided surgery. Nested strain amplification mechanisms are used to amplify the displacement of the piezo actuators to practical levels for robotics. By using a hysteretic piezoelectric model and a two port network model for the compliant nested strain amplifiers, it is shown that force and displacement at the tweezer tip can be estimated if the input voltage and charge are measured. One piezo unit is used simultaneously as a sensor and an actuator, preserving the full actuation capability of the device. An on-site calibration procedure is proposed that calibrates the combined electromechanical model without requiring specific loading conditions on the inner piezoelectric actuators. Experimental validation shows an average of 12% error between the self-sensed and true values.