Mechanism and novel deinking methods for non-impact printed paper
Lee, Daniel T.
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Separation of hydrophilic inks such as pigmented inkjet and flexographic inks has been an issue in paper recycling since the beginning of their use. The use of inkjet printing is continuing to increase, and it does not appear that this increase will stop anytime soon. Because of this, it is essential to find an adequate method of deinking these inks for the recycling of paper products. There has been a significant amount of research on methods of improving deinking of these inks, but none have been effective up to this point. Additionally, there has been a significant amount of research studying the effects of deinking parameters on these inks, but there are still gaps in this knowledge. A thorough investigation of deinking chemicals and parameters was conducted in this research along with an investigation of the behavior of the hydrophilic inks during the paper recycling, such as the detachment and reattachment of the ink. Through this analysis, two novel deinking methods were developed to decrease the redeposition and improve the separation of these inks. These methods were adsorption deinking and Liquid Phase Plasma (LPP) treatment. Both of these methods were shown to improve the deinkability of hydrophilic inks. However, LPP treatment was also seen to have a negative impact when hydrophilic inks were mixed with traditional hydrophobic inks. It was hypothesized and shown that LPP treatment has a positive impact on deinking of hydrophilic inks but a negative impact on traditional inks, which led to the development of the adsorption deinking method that can deink both hydrophilic and traditional inks.