Robust gesture recognition
MetadataShow full item record
It is a challenging problem to make a general hand gesture recognition system work in a practical operation environment. In this study, it is mainly focused on recognizing English letters and digits performed near the steering wheel of a car and captured by a video camera. Like most human computer interaction (HCI) scenarios, the in-car gesture recognition suffers from various robustness issues, including multiple human factors and highly varying lighting conditions. It therefore brings up quite a few research issues to be addressed. First, multiple gesturing alternatives may share the same meaning, which is not typical in most previous systems. Next, gestures may not be the same as expected because users cannot see what exactly has been written, which increases the gesture diversity significantly.In addition, varying illumination conditions will make hand detection trivial and thus result in noisy hand gestures. And most severely, users will tend to perform letters at a fast pace, which may result in lack of frames for well-describing gestures. Since users are allowed to perform gestures in free-style, multiple alternatives and variations should be considered while modeling gestures. The main contribution of this work is to analyze and address these challenging issues step-by-step such that eventually the robustness of the whole system can be effectively improved. By choosing color-space representation and performing the compensation techniques for varying recording conditions, the hand detection performance for multiple illumination conditions is first enhanced. Furthermore, the issues of low frame rate and different gesturing tempo will be separately resolved via the cubic B-spline interpolation and i-vector method for feature extraction. Finally, remaining issues will be handled by other modeling techniques such as sub-letter stroke modeling. According to experimental results based on the above strategies, the proposed framework clearly improved the system robustness and thus encouraged the future research direction on exploring more discriminative features and modeling techniques.