Authentication of Freshness for OutsourcedMulti-Version Key-Value Stores
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Data outsourcing offers cost-effective computing power to manage massive data streams and reliable access to data. For example, data owners can forward their data to clouds, and the clouds provide data mirroring, backup, and online access services to end users. However, outsourcing data to untrusted clouds requires data authentication and query integrity to remain in the control of the data owners and users. In this paper, we address this problem specifically for multiversion key-value data that is subject to continuous updates under the constraints of data integrity, data authenticity, and “freshness” (i.e., ensuring that the value returned for a key is the latest version).We detail this problem and propose INCBMTREE, a novel construct delivering freshness and authenticity. Compared to existing work, we provide a solution that offers (i) lightweight signing and verification on massive data update streams for data owners and users (e.g., allowing for small memory footprint and CPU usage on mobile user devices), (ii) integrity of both real-time and historic data, and (iii) support for both real-time and periodic data publication. Extensive benchmark evaluations demonstrate that INCBMTREE achieves more throughput (in an order of magnitude) for data stream authentication than existing work. For data owners and end users that have limited computing power, INCBM-TREE can be a practical solution to authenticate the freshness of outsourced data while reaping the benefits of broadly available cloud services.
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