Pre-growth structures for high quality epitaxial graphene nanoelectronics grown on silicon carbide
Palmer, James Matthew
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For graphene to be a viable platform for nanoscale devices, high quality growth and structures are necessary. This means structuring the SiC surface to prevent graphene from having to be patterned using standard microelectronic processes. Presented in this thesis are new processes aimed at improving the graphene as well as devices based on high quality graphene nanoribbons. Amorphous carbon (aC) corrals deposited prior to graphene growth are demonstrated to control SiC step-flow. SiC steps are shown to be aligned by the presence of the corrals and can increase SiC terrace widths. aC contacts deposited and crystallized during graphene growth are shown as a way to contact graphene without metal lift-off. Observation of the Quantum Hall Effect demonstrates the high quality of the graphene grown alongside the nanocrystalline graphite contacts. Continuing the ballistic transport measurements on sidewall graphene nanoribbons, the invasive probe effect is observed using an atomic force microscope (AFM) based technique that spatially maps the invasive probe effect. Cleaning experiments demonstrate the role of scattering due to resist residues and environmental adsorbates on graphene nanoribbons. Finally, switches based on junctions formed in the graphene nanoribbons are shown as a route toward graphene based devices.