Implementation and analysis of a parallel vertex-centered finite element segmental refinement multigrid solver
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In a parallel vertex-centered finite element multigrid solver, segmental refinement can be used to avoid all inter-process communication on the fine grids. While domain decomposition methods generally require coupled subdomain processing for the numerical solution to a nonlinear elliptic boundary value problem, segmental refinement exploits that subdomains are almost decoupled with respect to high-frequency error components. This allows to perform multigrid with fully decoupled subdomains on the fine grids, which was proposed as a sequential low-storage algorithm by Brandt in the 1970s, and as a parallel algorithm by Brandt and Diskin in 1994. Adams published the first numerical results from a multilevel segmental refinement solver in 2014, confirming the asymptotic exactness of the scheme for a cell-centered finite volume implementation. We continue Brandt’s and Adams’ research by experimentally investigating the scheme’s accuracy with a vertex-centered finite element segmental refinement solver. We confirm that full multigrid accuracy can be preserved for a few segmental refinement levels, although we observe a different dependency on the segmental refinement parameter space. We show that various strategies for the grid transfers between the finest conventional multigrid level and the segmental refinement subdomains affect the solver accuracy. Scaling results are reported for a Cray XC30 with up to 4096 cores.