Dynamics of Harmonically Forced Nonpremixed Flames
Magina, Nicholas A
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This thesis describes the dynamics, both spatio-temporal and heat release, of harmonically excited non-premixed flames. Analytical, numerical, computational, and, experimental analyses were performed, along with combined analyses methods, to study excitation and evolution of wrinkles on the flame front. Explicit expressions for the dynamics were developed. Wrinkle convection at the mean axial flow speed, and wrinkle dissipation and dispersion were analytically identified in the Pe-->∞ and Pe>>1 limits, respectively. Altered inlet mixture fraction profiles and attachment point dynamics were shown to accompany axial diffusion effects. Some physical effects such as axial diffusion, forcing configuration, and anisotropic diffusion altered the wrinkle interference pattern/waveform characteristics, while others, such as confinement, dimensionality, and differential diffusion, altered the dynamics through modifying the mean flame location. Comparisons to established premixed flame dynamics were made throughout. Despite having similar space-time dynamics, the heat release dynamics of the two differed greatly, having different dominant contributions, as well as different asymptotic trends. Experimental results obtained validated previous findings as well as enabled advanced model development, revealing the importance of accurate mixture fraction field capture, particularly in the near burner exit region. Findings shed light onto model and predictive improvements for future works.
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