Unification of Locomotion Pattern Generation and Control Lyapunov Function-Based Quadratic Programs
Chao, Kenneth Y.
Powell, Matthew J.
Ames, Aaron D.
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This paper presents a novel method of combining real-time walking pattern generation and constrained nonlinear control to achieve robotic walking under Zero-Moment Point (ZMP) and torque constraints. The proposed method leverages the fact that existing solutions to both walking pattern generation and constrained nonlinear control have been independently constructed as Quadratic Programs (QPs) and that these constructions can be related through an equality constraint on the instantaneous acceleration of the center of mass. Speci cally, the proposed method solves a single Quadratic Program which incorporates elements from Model Predictive Control (MPC) based center of mass planning methods and from rapidly exponentially stabilizing control Lyapunov function (RES-CLF) methods. The resulting QP-based controller simultaneously solves for a COM trajectory that satis es ZMP constraints over a future horizon while also producing joint torques consistent with instantaneous acceleration, torque, ZMP and RES-CLF constraints. The method is developed for simulation and experimental study on a seven-link, planar robot.