Enabling Reconstruction of Attacks on Users via Efficient Browsing Snapshots
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In this talk, I present ChromePic, a web browser equipped with a novel forensic engine that aims to greatly enhance the browser’s logging capabilities. ChromePic’s main goal is to enable a fine-grained post-mortem reconstruction and trace-back of web attacks without incurring the high overhead of record-and-replay systems. In particular, we aim to enable the reconstruction of attacks that target users and have a significant visual component, such as social engineering and phishing attacks. To this end, ChromePic records a detailed snapshot of the state of a web page, including a screenshot of how the page is rendered and a “deep” DOM snapshot, at every significant interaction between the user and the page. If an attack is later suspected, these fine-grained logs can be used to reconstruct the attack and trace back the sequence of steps the user followed to reach the attack page. We developed ChromePic by implementing several careful modifications and optimizations to the Chromium code base, to minimize overhead and make always-on logging practical. ChromePic can successfully capture and aid the reconstruction of attacks on users. Our evaluation includes the analysis of an in-the-wild social engineering download attack on Android, a phishing attack, and two different clickjacking attacks, as well as a user study aimed at accurately measuring the overhead introduced by our forensic engine. The experimental results show that browsing snapshots can be logged very efficiently, making the logging events practically unnoticeable to users.