The polarographic reduction of benzil derivatives
The present study was undertaken to elucidate the electrochemical reduction mechanisms of benzil derivatives using the techniques of polarography and controlled potential electrolysis. Another objective of this study was to determine a quantitative relationship between reactivity and structure. The electrochemical experiments have been conducted in a 50% ethanol-water solvent over the pH range of 1.5 to 13.5. Potentiometric titrations and ultraviolet spectra were obtained to help understand the ionization of hydroxy-substituted benzil derivatives and how the ionization affects the polarographic reductions. Benzoin and two benzoin derivatives were studied to help determine the reduction products.