Devices And Methods For Percutaneous Mitral Valve Repair
Grimes, Randall Y.
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Devices and methods are provided for diagnosing and repairing mitral valve defects such as mitral valve regurgitation. According to an exemplary method, mitral valve function is visualized by transesophageal echocardiography. A catheter is inserted along the venous system of the patient through the atrium into the mitral valve. A suction tip grasps the leaflets of the mitral valve to immobilize and juxtapose the leaflets at a point simulating a stitch, and the mitral valve is again observed to confirm that fastening at that point will repair the prolapse or other defect. The mitral valve leaflets are then via a fastening such as a staple or shape memory rivet. The fastener may be inserted by a stapling assembly in the venous catheter tip, or by a separate stapler that is inserted along an arterial path from the opposite direction and guided along a transcardiac rail to the immobilized point. Upon completion of the repair process, the mitral valve is once again visualized by transesophageal echocardiography to determine whether repair thereof has been effected.
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