Contributions to binary-output computer experiments and large-scale computer experiments
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Computer experiments have played an increasingly important role in science and technology and received enormous attention from industries and research institutes. One prominent example is the redesign of a new rocket engine by the U.S. Air Force (Mak et al., 2018). This dissertation makes contributions in two important aspects of computer experiments: (i) binary-output computer experiments and (ii) large-scale computer experiments. For (i), the dissertation contains two chapters: a new emulation method in Chapter 1 and a novel calibration method in Chapter 2, respectively. For (ii), the dissertation contains two chapters, in which new computationally efficient search limiting techniques for local Gaussian process approximation are developed in Chapter 3, and a new model, which is called multi-resolution function ANOVA, is proposed in Chapter 4.