Conceptual framework for incorporating access for maintainability considerations in BIM coordination
Sierra Aparicio, Monica Viviana
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Access to perform maintainability tasks has been addressed by facility managers as one of the common struggles they face once the construction project is delivered. The development of Building Information Modeling (BIM) has proved the potential to foresee, identify, and remove the physical barriers for maintenance teams in order to allow a better compliance of their tasks and to ensure that equipment is timely and effectively reviewed. Also, rule-based software might enhance the revision of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) compliance checks, easing the decision-making process in regard to end-user accessibility. Tools such as Solibri have rule templates for a few ADA checks. Yet, there is not a framework that can provide complete operational constraints and foresees the avoidance of accessibility concerns during the design phase. The objective of this study is to develop a proof of concept that addresses access for maintainability requirements during the coordination procedure, ensuring a welcoming and equitable environment for everybody. In order to introduce accessibility preconditions to an automated rule generator, the interpretation and reduction of the regulation needs to be done first. Afterward, the decoded restrictions are introduced into a Dynamo script, which will make them visible on the clash detection tool during the coordination procedure. Later on, the proposed framework will be tested on a case study. The proposal might contribute to the reduction of the project’s lifecycle costs by considering maintainability restrictions earlier in the design process. Moreover, inputs related to disabled individuals’ daily struggles might be further developed by fining tune the proof of concept. Therefore, those issues might be included as a driver, following a human-centered design process. Furthermore, the incorporation of those constraints will contribute to the execution of a resilient building, capable of satisfying its occupants displacement requirements.