Benefits of Non-Dimensionalization in Creation of Designs of Experiments for Sizing Torpedo Systems
Frits, Andrew P.
Weston, Neil R.
Mavris, Dimitri N.
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Non-dimensionalization is useful at many stages in the conceptual design process. One area of usefulness is in the creation and execution of Design of Experiments. A Design of Experiments that is run with dimensional quantities can often have a large number of failed or infeasible cases or require frustratingly small ranges on the design variables in order to execute cleanly. However, with the use of non-dimensional parameters in the Design of Experiments, the dimensional values being used in the analysis tool automatically scale themselves so that appropriate magnitudes of each parameter are always being used. This automatic scaling greatly increases the stability of Design of Experiments when non-dimensional parameters are used, limiting the number of failed cases. This paper explores potential non-dimensional parameters for use in the conceptual design of torpedo systems. The paper shows that traditional non-dimensional parameters used in propulsor design, such as advance ratio and thrust coefficient, also work well as torpedo design parameters. A short example is given where the performance of a Design of Experiments for a torpedo system is improved via the use of non-dimensional parameters.