Expansion of Mitochondrial and Nuclear Heme Sensor Library
MetadataShow full item record
The long-term objective of the work in the lab is to determine the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to the utilization of heme, an essential nutrient. Heme is an iron-containing compound of the porphyrin class that enables proteins to carry out an array of functions. Heme-dependent processes require that heme be dynamically mobilized to hemoproteins in almost every subcellular compartment. Although it is understood that the cytotoxicity and hydrophobicity of heme requires heme be tightly regulated by the cell, the method by which this is done is unknown . The primary factor that limits the understanding of heme mobilization and trafficking is the lack of tools available to sense heme, more specifically labile heme. The Reddi lab is working to develop ratiometric fluorescent sensors to offer better insight into subcellular labile heme pools relevant for heme trafficking and signaling. HS1 (Heme Sensor 1) is mutated at either the His or Met in the heme-binding coordinating bundle of cytochrome to create sensors of different affinity. Ten new mutant sensors were created from the original HS1 and HS1-M7A, and it is seen that two sensors, H102C and H102C-M7H, are the most suitable sensors to be used in the mitochondria, nucleus and cytosol. With the use of these sensors, different pathways of heme trafficking and signaling can be studied in the cell.