Software Techniques to Mitigate Errors on Noisy Quantum Computers
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Quantum computers are domain-specific accelerators that can provide a large speedup for important problems. Quantum computers with few tens of qubits have already been demonstrated, and machines with 100+ qubits are expected soon. These machines face significant reliability and scalability challenges. The high hardware error rates limit quantum computers. To enable quantum speedup, it is essential to mitigate hardware errors. Our first work exploits the variability in the error rates of qubits to steer more operations towards qubits with lower error rates and avoid error-prone qubits. Our second work looks at executing different versions of the programs tuned to cause diverse mistakes so that the machine is less vulnerable to correlated errors, thereby making it easier to infer the correct answer. Our third work looks at exploiting the state-dependent bias in measurement errors (state 1 is more error-prone than state 0) and dynamically flips the state of the qubit to measure the stronger state. We perform our evaluations on real quantum machines from IBM and demonstrate significant improvement in the overall system reliability.
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