Large-scale online education plays a minor role in campus education in the Netherlands or most
European higher education (HE) institutions. The COVID-19 crisis enabled two Dutch
frontrunners in open and online education to implement their lessons learned from large-scale
online education, digital tools and methods on campus. The changes do not automatically
shape a future that focuses on the best learning experience for different target groups in order
to successfully reach the learning objectives and attainment levels. In order to steer towards
that future, changes are needed in policy, administrative processes and rules and regulations.