India’s nation-wide COVID-19 lockdown, which began on March 24, 2020, was relaxed in June
with the exception of educational institutions. However, the Government of the Kerala state took
a decision to reopen the schools as per the regular academic calendar on June 1st through
online mode. This massive horizontal scaling drive of online education, named ‘First Bell’,
brought all the research and extension agencies under the General Education Department
together with the Kerala Infrastructure and Technology for Education (KITE). This chapter
examines the First Bell initiative on the larger back drop of exploring the genealogy of the
horizontality and scaling of education in Kerala.