Shape-changing Architectural Systems: A Bottom-up and Top-down Approach for Developing Responsive Building Skins
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In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in shape-changing smart materials in architectural research and practice. Research into responsive building skins with shape-changing materials has argued that the advantage of such systems relies on their potential for improved performance of buildings. However, few studies have proposed methods for developing responsive skins using shape-changing materials with the target of optimizing environmental performance. This paper discusses the methodological approach of a doctoral research agenda that aims to create a framework for developing a responsive shading system using shape-changing materials with the target of optimizing environmental performance. The methodology has two complementary approaches: a bottom- up study that deals with the development of shape-changing prototypes and top-down research that models the overall configuration of the responsive skin system. The paper discusses the two complementary approaches in terms of a case study.