Routing in Space and Time in Networks with Predictable Mobility
Ammar, Mostafa H. (Mostafa Hamed)
Zegura, Ellen W.
MetadataShow full item record
We consider the problem of routing in emerging wireless networks where nodes move around explicitly carrying messages to facilitate communication in an otherwise partitioned network. The absence of a path at any instant of time between a source and destination makes the traditional mobile ad hoc routing protocols unsuitable for these networks. However, the explicit node movements create paths over time that include the possibility of a node carrying a message before forwarding to another suitable node. Identifying such paths over space and time is a key challenge in these store, carry and forward networks. In most of these networks, the mobility of nodes is predictable either over a finite time horizon or indefinitely due to periodicity in node motion. We propose a new space-time routing framework for these networks leveraging the predictability in node motion. Specifically, we construct space-time routing tables where the next hop node is selected from the current as well as the future neighbors. Unlike traditional routing tables, our space-time routing tables use both the destination and the arrival time of message to determine the next hop node. We devise an algorithm to compute these space-time routing tables to minimize the end-to-end message delivery delay. Our routing algorithm is based on a space-time graph model derived from the mobility of nodes. We empirically evaluate our approach using simulations and observe improved performance as compared to other approaches based on heuristics.