Hydrate Bearing Sediments-Thermal Conductivity
Martin, Ana Isabel
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The thermal properties of hydrate bearing sediments remain poorly studied, in part due to measurement difficulties inside the hydrate stability envelope. In particular, there is a dearth of experimental data on hydrate-bearing sediments, and most available measurements and models correspond to bulk gas hydrates. However, hydrates in nature largely occur in porous media, e.g. sand, silt and clay. The purpose of this research is to determine the thermal properties of hydrate-bearing sediments under laboratory conditions, for a wide range of soils from coarse-grained sand to fine-grained silica flour and kaolinite. The thermal conductivity is measured before and after hydrate formation, at effective confining stress in the range from 0.03 MPa to 1 MPa. Results show the complex interplay between soil grain size, effective confinement and the amount of the pore space filled with hydrate on the thermal conductivity of hydrate-bearing sediments.
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