Theoretical Evaluations of Electron-Transfer Processes in Organic Semiconductors
Risko, Chad Michael
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The field of organic electronics, in which -conjugated, organic molecules and polymers are used as the active components (e.g., semiconductor, light emitter/harvester, etc.), has lead to a number a number of key technological developments that have been founded within fundamental research disciplines. In the Dissertation that follows, the research involves the use of quantum-chemical techniques to elucidate fundamental aspects of both intermolecular and intramolecular electron-transfer processes in organic, -conjugated molecules. The Dissertation begins with an introduction and brief review of organic molecular systems used as electron-transport semiconducting materials in device applications and/or in the fundamental studies of intramolecular mixed-valence processes. This introductory material is then followed by a brief review of the electronic-structure methods (e.g., Hartree-Fock theory and Density Functional Theory) and electron-transfer theory (i.e., semiclassical Marcus theory) employed throughout the investigations. The next three Chapters deal with investigations related to the characterization of non-rigid, -conjugated molecular systems that have amorphous solid-state properties used as the electron-transport layer in organic electronic and optoelectronic devices. Chapters 3 and 4 involve studies of silole- (silacyclopentadiene)-based materials that possess attractive electronic and optical properties in the solid state. Chapter 5 offers a preliminary study of dioxaborine-based molecular structures as electron-transport systems. In Chapters 6 8, the focus of the work shifts to investigations of organic mixed-valence systems. Chapter 6 centers on the examination of tetraanisylarylenediamine systems where the inter-redox site distances are approximately equal throughout the series. Chapter 7 examines the bridge-length dependence of the geometric structure, charge-(de)localization, and electronic coupling for a series of vinylene- and phenylene-vinylene-bridged bis-dianisylamines. In Chapter 8, the role of symmetric vibrations in the delocalization of the excess charge is studied in a dioxaborine radical-anion and a series of radical-cation bridged-bisdimethylamines. Finally, Chapter 9 provides a synopsis of the work and goals for future consideration.