A Numerical Study of Micro Synthetic Jet and Its Applications in Thermal Management
MetadataShow full item record
A numerical study of axisymmetric synthetic jet flow was conducted. The synthetic jet cavity was modeled as a rigid chamber with a piston-like moving diaphragm at its bottom. The Shear-Stress-Transportation (SST) k-omega and #61559; turbulence model was employed to simulate turbulence. Based on time-mean analysis, three flow regimes were identified for typical synthetic jet flows. Typical vortex dynamics and flow patterns were analyzed. The effects of changes of working frequency, cavity geometry (aspect ratio), and nozzle geometry were investigated. A control-volume model of synthetic jet cavity was proposed based on the numerical study, which consists of two first-order ODEs. With appropriately selected parameters, the model was able to predict the cavity pressure and average velocity through the nozzle within 10% errors compared with full simulations. The cavity model can be used to generate the boundary conditions for synthetic jet simulations and the agreement to the full simulation results was good. The saving of computational cost is significant. It was found that synthetic jet impingement heat transfer outperforms conventional jet impingement heat transfer with equivalent average jet velocity. Normal jet impingement heat transfer using synthetic jet was investigated numerically too. The effects of changes of design and working parameters on local heat transfer on the impingement plate were investigated. Key flow structures and heat transfer characteristics were identified. At last, a parametric study of an active heat sink employing synthetic jet technology was conducted using Large Eddy Simulation (LES). Optimal design parameters were recommended base on the parametric study.