Structure of the edge density pedestal in tokamaks
Stacey, Weston M.
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A 'first-principles' model for the structure of the edge density pedestal in tokamaks between or in the absence of edge localized magnetohyrodynamic instabilities is derived from ion momentum and particle conservation and from the transport theory of recycling neutral atoms. A calculation for (high) H-mode tokamak discharge parameters indicates that the equations have a self-consistent solution which has an edge pedestal in the ion density profile and sharp negative spikes in the poloidal velocity and radial electric field profiles in the edge pedestal, features characteristic of H-mode edge profiles. These sharp negative spikes in radial electric field and poloidal rotation produce a peak in the inward ion pinch velocity in the sharp gradient (pedestal) region which produces an edge particle transport barrier. The calculated magnitude of the density at the top of the pedestal and the density gradient scale length and radial electric field in the pedestal region are comparable to measured values.