Learning, cooperation and innovation within local innovation and production systems: Evidences for the economy of Santa Catarina state of Brazil
Cassiolato, José Eduardo
Campos, Renato Ramos
Britto, Jorge Nogueira de Paiva
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The analysis developed aims at identifying patterns regarding the innovative dynamics of enterprises which comprise Local Innovation and Production Systems (LIPS) in the State of Santa Catarina (South of Brazil), with basis on a set of 298 interviews made with enterprises from five LIPS involving the following activities: electrical and metal-mechanical industry, in the region of Joinville; furniture and wood, in the regions West and Itaguaçu Valley; plastics industry in the southern region of the state (around Criciuma City); fishing in the estuary of Itajai River. From an evolutionary theoretical perspective, methodological procedures were adopted for building indicators that allow for identifying clusters of enterprises that share common patterns of learning, cooperation and innovation in the scope of the LIPS surveyed. The patterns of innovative effort, external learning-cooperation and innovative performance are discussed with basis on the results of cluster analysis techniques applied to groups of enterprises in the sample, which share similar characteristics regarding chosen factors. Subsequently, a model for categorizing new enterprises according to identified patterns is suggested. The analysis enabled us to identify three clusters with similar patterns regarding the characteristics of innovative performance, innovative efforts and external learning based on cooperative actions. The suggested model for classification obtained a percentage of accuracy of 96.31%. It is suggested that the innovative dynamics of each LIPS would be strongly influenced by the relative participation of the enterprises in each of these clusters.