International Governance of Autonomous Military Robots

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Title: International Governance of Autonomous Military Robots
Author: Marchant, Gary E. ; Allenby, Braden ; Arkin, Ronald C. ; Barrett, Edward T. ; Borenstein, Jason ; Gaudet, Lyn M. ; Kittrie, Orde ; Lin, Patrick ; Lucas, George R. ; O’Meara, Richard ; Silberman, Jared
Abstract: New technologies have always been a critical component of military strategy and preparedness. One new technology on the not-too-distant technological horizon is lethal autonomous robotics, which would consist of robotic weapons capable of exerting lethal force without human control or intervention. There are a number of operational and tactical factors that create incentives for the development of such lethal systems as the next step in the current development, deployment and use of autonomous systems in military forces. Yet, such robotic systems would raise a number of potential operational, policy, ethical and legal issues. This article summarizes the current status and incentives for the development of lethal autonomous robots, discusses some of the issues that would be raised by such systems, and calls for a national and international dialogue on appropriate governance of such systems before they are deployed. The article reviews potential modes of governance, ranging from ethical principles implemented through modifications or refinements of national policies, to changes in the law of war and rules of engagement, to international treaties or agreements, or to a variety of other “soft law” governance mechanisms.
Type: Article
Citation: Marchant, Gary E, Allenby, Braden, Arkin, Ronald C., Barrett, Edward T., Borenstein, Jason, Gaudet, Lyn M., Kittrie, Orde, Lin, Patrick, Lucas, George R., O’Meara, Richard and Silberman, Jared. "International Governance of Autonomous Military Robots ." Columbia Science and Technology Law Review. 12. (June 2, 2011).
Date: 2011
Contributor: Georgia Institute of Technology. College of Computing
Georgia Institute of Technology. Mobile Robot Laboratory
Arizona State University
California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo
Rutgers University
United States Naval Academy
United States. Navy
Publisher: Georgia Institute of Technology
Subject: Arms control
Autonomous military robots
Ethical principles
Lethal autonomous robots
Military technology
Soft law

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