Technological Change and the challenges for Regional Development:building "social capital" in less-favoured region

Show simple item record Nunes, Richard J. en_US Heitor, Manuel V. en_US Conceição, Pedro en_US 2012-04-06T14:20:18Z 2012-04-06T14:20:18Z 2004
dc.description Proceedings of the the First Globelics Academy, Ph.D. School on National Systems of Innovation and Economic Development, Lisbon, Portugal 25 May - 4 June 2004. en_US
dc.description.abstract The relevance of regional policy for less favoured regions (LFRs) reveals itself when policy-makers must reconcile competitiveness with social cohesion through the adaptation of competition or innovation policies. The vast literature in this area generally builds on an overarching concept of “social capital” as the necessary relational infrastructure for collective action diversification and policy integration, in a context much influenced by a dynamic of industrial change and a necessary balance between the creation and diffusion of knowledge through learning. This relational infrastructure or “social capital” is centred on people’s willingness to cooperate and envision futures as a result of social organization, such as networks, norms and trust that facilitate action and cooperation for mutual benefit (Putnam, 1993: 35). Advocates of this interpretation of “social capital” have adopted the “new growth” thinking behind “systems of innovation” and “competence building”, arguing that networks have the potential to make both public administration and markets more effective as well as learning trajectories more inclusive of the development of society as a whole. This essay aims to better understand the role of “social capital” in the production and reproduction of uneven regional development patterns, and to critically assess the limits of a “systems concept” and an institution-centred approach to comparative studies of regional innovation. These aims are discussed in light of the following two assertions: i) learning behaviour, from an economic point of view, has its determinants, and ii) the positive economic outcomes of “social capital” cannot be taken as a given. It is suggested that an agent-centred approach to comparative research best addresses the learning determinants and the consequences of social networks on regional development patterns. A brief discussion of the current debate on innovation surveys has been provided to illustrate this point. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Georgia Institute of Technology en_US
dc.subject Regional policy en_US
dc.subject Less favored regions en_US
dc.subject LFRs en_US
dc.subject Social cohesion en_US
dc.subject Social capital en_US
dc.subject Innovation surveys en_US
dc.title Technological Change and the challenges for Regional Development:building "social capital" in less-favoured region en_US
dc.type Proceedings en_US
dc.contributor.corporatename Global Network for Economics of Learning, Innovation, and Competence Building Systems en_US
dc.contributor.corporatename Instituto Superior Técnico (Lisbon, Portugal). Centro de Estudos em Inovação, Tecnologia e Políticas de Desenvolvimento en_US

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