Forms of Knowledge, Modes of Innovation and Innovation Systems

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Title: Forms of Knowledge, Modes of Innovation and Innovation Systems
Author: Berg Jensen, Morten ; Johnson, Björn ; Lorenz, Edward ; Lundvall, Bengt-Åke
Abstract: Inspired by the concepts tacit and codified knowledge introduced by Polanyi, this paper makes a distinction between two modes of innovation. On the one hand there are innovation strategies (Science, Technology, and Innovation, STI-mode) that give main emphasis to promoting R&D and creating access to explicit codified knowledge. On the other hand there are innovation strategies (Doing, Using, and Interacting, DUImode) mainly based on learning by doing, using and interacting. We show that firms using mixed strategies that combine a strong version of the STI-mode with a strong version of the DUI-mode excel in product innovation. The distinctions made and the results obtained have important implications for innovation policy and for the analysis of innovation systems. They help to avoid biased approaches exaggerating the role of science-based innovation while also indicating limits for experience-based innovation strategies.
Description: Proceedings of the 5th International Ph.D. School on Innovation and Economic Development, Globelics Academy 2008, Tampere, 2nd of June 13th of June, 2008.
Type: Proceedings
Date: 2008
Contributor: Global Network for Economics of Learning, Innovation, and Competence Building Systems
Aalborg universitet
Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis
Tsinghua University (Beijing, China)
Publisher: Georgia Institute of Technology
Subject: Knowledge management
Interactive learning
Learning economy
Innovation systems

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