NIS Transformation and Recombination Learning in China

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Title: NIS Transformation and Recombination Learning in China
Alternative Title: Innovation Systems and Economic Transition in China: Since the 1980s;
Transformation of NIS in China in market reforms: 1980s-1990s
Author: Gu, Shulin
Abstract: This paper applies the notion of national innovation systems (NIS) to analyze the transformation of China’s NIS in the 1980s and 1990s. It focuses on two issues. Firstly it probes the interaction between policy-making and reform practice that leads to the transformation of a huge sized government-run industrial technology R&D system, becomes it fitting to the changed macro-economic conditions. Secondly, it analyzes underlining learning mechanisms, as we call it re-combination learning, that assisted the NIS transformation and a rapid pace of economic growth during the market reform time. This paper demonstrates the analytical power of the NIS approach in the developing country circumstance of China. Section 1 “Universal Science and Specific Institutions” illuminates the importance of institutions and outlines the unique institutional structure of China’s NIS developed prior to the market reform. Section 2 “Analytic framework: Innovation Systems, NIS Transformation, and Learning” elaborates analytical concepts and tools for the paper. Section 3 “NIS Transformation” addresses the policy process responsible for the success of the transformation. It explains the frequently asked question: Why Did a Gradual Process Work? Section 4 “Recombination Learning” analyzes the learning process associated with the system’s transformation. This section makes as well a comparison of the learning in China in the examined period with that analyzed for South Korea and Taiwan. Section 5 evaluates the NIS Transformation in China. Finally a short section concludes this work.
Description: Proceedings of the 5th International Ph.D. School on Innovation and Economic Development, Globelics Academy 2008, Tampere, 2nd of June 13th of June, 2008.
Type: Proceedings
Date: 2008
Contributor: Global Network for Economics of Learning, Innovation, and Competence Building Systems
Tsinghua University (Beijing, China). Research Center of Technological Innovation
Chinese Academy of Sciences. Institute of Policy and Management
Relation: Globelics 5th Academy ; Lecture 13
Publisher: Georgia Institute of Technology
Subject: National innovation systems
Innovation policy
Science and industry linkages
R&D institutes

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