An Approach for Fault Tolerant and Secure Data Storage in Collaborative Work Environments

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Title: An Approach for Fault Tolerant and Secure Data Storage in Collaborative Work Environments
Author: Subbiah, Arun ; Blough, Douglas M.
Abstract: We describe a novel approach for building a secure and fault tolerant data storage service in collaborative work environments. In such environments, sensitive data must be accessible only to a select group of people, whose membership may change over time. Key management issues are a recognized problem in such environments. We eliminate this problem for confidential and secure data storage by using perfect secret sharing techniques for storing data. Perfect secret sharing schemes have found little use in managing generic data because of the high computation overheads incurred by existing schemes. Our proposed approach uses a novel combination of XOR secret sharing and replication mechanisms, which drastically reduce the computation overheads and achieve speeds comparable to standard encryption schemes. The combination of secret sharing and replication manifests itself as an architectural framework, which has the attractive property that its dimension can be varied to tradeoff amongst different performance metrics. We evaluate the properties and performance of the proposed framework to show that the combination of perfect secret sharing and replication can be used to build efficient fault-tolerant and secure distributed data storage systems for collaborative work environments.
Type: Technical Report
Date: 2005
Relation: CERCS;GIT-CERCS-05-13
Publisher: Georgia Institute of Technology
Subject: Architectural frameworks
Collaborative work environments
Computation overheads
Replication mechanisms
Secret sharing techniques for storing data
Secure and fault tolerant data storage services
Sensitive data
XOR secret sharing

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